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yalamber wrote 12 articles and got 7 comments. The last article was submitted on 02/17/07

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About mundhum

Date Monday, December 25th 2006, 11:27 PM Icon 64 Date 1

Mundhum - The Scripture of Kirat People
The word Mundhum means the power of great strength and the Kirat people of east Nepal take it to be a true, holy and a powerful scripture.

The Mundhum is divided into two parts. The first is called the Thungsap Mundhum and the second is called the Peysap Mundhum. The Thungsap Mundhum is the original one and came from the very words of mouth till the art of writing was introduced and was referred to as the oral Mundhum in books. It was an epic recited in songs by the learned Sambas or poets. The Kirat priests in the beginning were called the Sambas where, “ Sam” means song and, “ Ba” means the one who (male) knows the Song or Sam. The Peysap Mundhum is a written book about religion. It is divided into four parts. They are the Soksok Mundhum, Yehang Mundhum, Sapji Mundhum and Sap Mundhum. The Soksok Mundhum contains the stories of creation of the universe, the beginning of mankind, the cause and effect of the sins, the creation of evil spirits, such as the evil spirits of Envy, Jealousy and Anger and the cause and effect of death in childhood.

The Yehang Mundhum contains the story of the first leader of mankind who made laws for the sake of improvement of human beings from the stage of animal life to the enlightened life and ways to control them by giving philosophy on spiritualism. In this book, the leader has made rules for marriage, arbitration, purification and religion. The story of destruction of human beings by deluge and the cause of existence of many languages among the Kirat people, the social customs of seasonal worship to the worship of God, the rules of purification on child birth and death are mentioned in the Lepmuhang Mundhum.

As the Kirat people in the beginning were rationalistic idolaters, they neither had temples, altars nor images, conceiving that none of these was necessary, but that the God resided in light and fire. Hence, they worshipped spirits whom they believe to be the residents of fire and the sun. So according to Sapji Mundhum, the spirits are if two classes: the Good Spirit and the Bad Spirit.

The Good Spirit
The Bad Spirit
The Inspiring Spirit
The Tantric Feat in Kirat Mundhum
The Spirit of Envy and Jealousy
Source: HISTORY OF THE KIRAT PEOPLE, Iman Singh Chemjong



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Congratulations

Date Monday, January 1st 2007, 6:59 PM

You have done it well. I guess you need to promote it as well.

Bikram Subba

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