Login Register Help

In the Spot!

This is the thread reading mode page ...

Create a Topic | Search | Back to Subject | Reply


Indian encroachment Threatening Nepal's Sovereignty and invasion Nepal's borders

Date Jan. 7th 03:31 PM Icon 64 Date 9


Indian Encroachment Threatening Nepal's Sovereignty:

By International Associate Press

According to official records, Nepal covers a total area of 147,181 Sq km. But in reality, the territory of Nepal is gradually shrinking thanks to increasing encroachment by India that has put the sovereignty of Nepal at stake.
The reports prepared by Buddhi Narayan Shrestha renowned border expert after thorough survey make it evident that India has encroached about 59,970 hectares of Nepali territory at 54 points in 21 districts adjoining India in the east, west and South. But if the areas affected by the unilateral activities of our southern neighbor such as construction of dams and irrigation projects are considered as encroachment, which according to researcher Phanindra Nepal, we should, the number increases to 85 points.

Among the encroached areas, the much disputed Kalapani-Limpiyadhura area with 372 sq km (37,800 hectares) is the largest chunk of Nepali territory encroached by India. The encroachment started right after the India-China border war of November 1962. After facing defeat, the Indian army set up a camp inside Nepal's territory of Kalapani to keep an eye on Chinese activities. But now, they claim the area belongs to India.

The Treaty of Sugauli (1816) has clearly mentioned that the River Mahakali is the borderline of Nepal-India. The crux of the issue in dispute is the determination of the origin of the river Mahakali. "The maps of 1850 and 1856 prepared by the Survey of India with the participation of Nepalese authority clearly states that the river originates from Limpiyadhura, 16 km northwest of Kalapani, which proves that Kalapani belongs to Nepal," says Shrestha.
But the Indian side refuses to accept those maps as proof. They say that the map prepared by them in 1875 should be considered as proof as it was scientifically prepared. But what is remarkable is that the map does not have Nepal's certification. According to the map, the river Mahakali's origin is Lepulek.
In recent times, the Tribeni-Susta situated on the east of Narayani River in the mid-southern part of Nawalparasi district is the most tense area owing to encroachment.

Just a few weeks ago, some Indians invaded Nepali territory in Susta and burnt down all the sugarcane.

About two months ago, over 1000 Indian villagers backed by Indian Border Police Force (Seema Sashastra Bal) SSB had forcibly entered Nepalese territory in Susta. They completely destroyed the sugarcane in about 10 hectares of land and also manhandled men and women.

According to locals of Susta, such incidents are rampant in the area. Sometimes, they send Bihari miscreants to chase away Nepalis from their homes while sometime the Indian police cross the border and manhandle Nepalis on the pretext that they are searching for Munna Khan, an Indian gangster, who was once used by the Indian side to create disorder in Susta, says Shrestha.
Nepali farmers initiated the "Save Susta Campaign" to safeguard Nepalese territory but how long can they stop the Indian side is the question. They say they appealed to Nepalese authorities several times to take necessary action but the authorities are turning a deaf ear to them.

Experts say the changing course of the Narayani River is the main reason behind the dispute. Over the decades, the Narayani River has been changing its course toward the Nepalese side in the west, and the Indians have been trying to capture Nepalese territory. India has so far grabbed about 13,500 hectares of Nepalese land because of this.

The other most talked about point of dispute is Mechi. India's disapproval of Masonry Pillars popularly known as Junge Pillars as the main boundary pillars had sparked the Mechi Border dispute.

The map published in January 1818, right after the Sugauli Treaty, shows the Junge Pillars as the main boundary pillars. More importantly, history is evidence that British had erected those pillars as monuments of the Nepal-India border.
But the Nepal-India Joint Technical Border Committee adopted the Persian Map (Urdu script) of 1874 as the reference material, which was provided by the Indian side.

Because of the Nepali side's wrong decision accepting the Persian Map as the basis of demarcation, a total area of 1630 hectares of land has fallen on the Indian side.

Why does India encroach Nepal's land?
Experts are of the view there could be multiple reasons why India eyes Nepali land.
If Phanindra Nepal is to be believed, India wants Kalapani area primarily to keep an eye on the Chinese, Pyaratal for its biological diversity, and a large part of terai land for agriculture," says Nepal. He also says it cannot be ruled out that a power and water hungry India is eyeing Nepal's rivers.

Shrestha also believes that the main reason for encroachment is that India wants to meet the demand for settlement and agriculture for its ever growing population.
What needs to be done to stop encroachment and solve dispute?
According to Shrestha the issue can no longer be solved though bilateral meetings as India is not paying heed to Nepal's point of view. "The issue must be taken to the United Nations as India is not responding to Nepal's call for bilateral meeting," says Shrestha.

But Phanindra Nepal is of the view that lack of sincerity and patriotism are the main drawbacks of the Nepali side while negotiating with their Indian counterparts. He also says collective effort is needed to face the Indian side strongly. "Because of the news carried by the media, government deployed security personnel in Susta area on 28 October," he adds that media should carry border dispute news more frequently.

Besides, civic society must also pressurize the government to take necessary steps soon, he adds.

But we are virtually doing nothing to stop the encroachment and to resolve the existing dispute. Researchers like Shrestha and Nepal say there are so many such points where not even one security personnel has been deployed to guard our territory and citizens.

Altogether, 27 Nepal-India Joint Technical Level Boundary Committee meetings have been held in the last 25 years but they have not yielded any result yet.
Nepaleyes tried to get comments from concerned government officials on the outcomes of those meeting and what the Nepali bureaucracy was planning to do to resolve the dispute, but none them could be reached despite repeated attempts.

NewsBlaze, Daily News


9 replies, 64 views for this topic


Date Jan. 7th 03:33 PM  

Buddha's Birthplace Nepal Threatened by Indian Water Dams:

News from The Associated Press.

KATMANDU, Nepal (AP) -- Nepal has asked India to stop building a dam that threatens to flood Buddha's birthplace.

Nepal formally requested India to "stop the construction of the barrage,'' Minister for Water Resources Bijaya Gachchedar said Tuesday.

Four months ago, India began building the Rassiyal-Khurda-Lautan dam across the Danav River, just 655 feet from the Nepal-India border south of Lumbini.

Lumbini, 170 miles southwest of Nepal's capital of Katmandu, is where Buddha was said to have been born more than 26 centuries ago as Gautama Siddhartha. UNESCO, the United Nations' cultural arm, has recognized Lumbini as the birthplace of Buddha and declared it a World Heritage Site.

The dam is meant to block and manage the flow of river water, mainly for irrigation, Indian officials have said.

The 20-foot high dam has come under fire from Buddhist scholars and Nepalese political parties. They accuse Hindu-dominated India of violating international laws that bar such constructions within five miles of an international border.

"The construction of this barrage is a well-designed conspiracy of India to inundate the birthplace of Lord Buddha and create another fake Lumbini somewhere in the Indian territory,'' said lawmaker Gokarna Bista of the United Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Nepal.

India has long claimed the actual birthplace of Buddha is in India and not Nepal. However, archeologists discovered in 1996 a commemorative pillar placed there by the Indian Emperor Ashoka in 249 B.C. that marked the precise location.

UNESCO has said that Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world's great religions, and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centers from a very early period.

source: www.buddhismtoday.com


Date Jan. 7th 03:34 PM  

नेपालको सुस्तामा भारतको दाबी:

विहारका अपराधीलाई नेपालले 'सेल्टर' दिएको आरोपमा सुस्ताको नेपाली भूमि नै भारतीयहरुले कब्जा गर्ने कोसिस गरेका छन् ।

नवलपरासी जिल्लाको सुस्तामा नेपाली भूमिमाथि भारतीय हस्तक्षेपको पीडा बोकेर राजधानी आइपुगेका ८४ जना स्थानीय बासिन्दा रित्तो हात फर्केका छन् । १० दिनसम्म थापाथलीस्थित कालमोचन घाटको पाटीमा बसेका उनीहरू खानपिनको समस्या र बिरामी हुन थालेपछि बिनाकुनै निकास फर्केका हुन् । जानुअघि नेपाल सँग आमद खाँले भने, "त्यहाँ के भइरहेको छ, थाहा छैन । यहाँ आएका मान्छेहरू पनि बिरामी पर्न थालिसके, त्यसैले र्फकंदैछौँ ।"

सुस्ता भारतसँग सीमा जोडिएको नेपाली भूभाग हो, जो चारैतिर नारायणी नदी भएकाले टापुजस्तै छ । उत्तर, दक्षिण र पूर्व तीनैतर्फ भारत, विहारको पश्चिम चम्पारन जिल्ला रहेको छ भने पश्चिमतर्फ नेपालको पक्लिहवा गाविस पर्छ । थोरै सीमा उत्तरप्रदेशसँग पनि जोडिन्छ । नवलपरासी जिल्लाको दक्षिण-पूर्वी सीमामा अवस्थित यस ठाउँमा नेपाली भूमि भएर पुग्न डुङ्गा तर्नुपर्छ, जो वषर्ायाममा त्यति सहज हुँदैन । त्यसैले भारतीय भूमि भएर आवतजावत गर्छन्, सुस्तावासीहरू । अहिले भारतीयहरू प्रवेश गरेर 'आतङ्क' मच्चाएको यस नेपाली टापुमा नेपालबाट सहज पहुँच नभए पनि भारतीयहरू सजिलै पुग्नसक्ने भौगोलिक बनावट छ । त्यसमाथि नारायणीको भेलसँगै त्यहाँ पस्ने उब्जाउ पाँगोका कारण उखु अत्यन्त फस्टाउँछ । त्यसैले सो भूमिमाथि भारतीय बासिन्दाको आँखा लाग्ने गरेको स्थानीयवासीहरू बताउँछन् ।

पटक-पटक अतिक्रमणको दुःख पाइरहने सुस्तामा पछिल्लोपटक गत जेठदेखि भारतीयहरूले आधिपत्य जमाउन खोजेका हुन् । सुरुमा गाईवस्तु चराउने जग्गा 'धनैया' मा भारतीयहरूले जोत्न थालेका थिए । असार ५ गते ट्याक्टर लिएर सदरमुकाम गएका स्थानीय बासिन्दाले आफ्नो समस्याबारे प्रमुख जिल्ला अधिकारी निरञ्जन बराललाई जानकारी दिए । तर, सान्त्वनाबाहेक केही नपाएको स्थानीय गोपाल गुरुङ बताउँछन् ।

साउन १५ गतेदेखि भारतीयहरूले पुनः नेपालतर्फ पसेर बाँझो जग्गा जोत्न थाले । भारतीय सीमा सुरक्षा बल -एसएसबी) को सहयोगमा भित्रिएका भारतीयहरूले उखु फाँड्नुका साथै धानबालीमा गाईवस्तु चराइदिएका थिए । आफूलगायत रामअवतार साह, भगवन्त कुर्मी, लालअहमद खाँ, विजय बनियाँ, सुरेश मुनियाँ आदिको गरी करिब छ-सात बिघाको उखु काटिदिएको मोती बिन बताउँछन् । भन्छन्, "मेरो १० कट्ठाको उखु र मकै पनि काटिदिए ।"

News: www.kantipuronline.com


Date Jan. 7th 03:36 PM  

India has placed tight restrictions on the disputed border region of Kalapani, following a protest march by Nepali students to highlight Kathmandu's claim to the area, India's ambassador to Nepal, K.V. Rajan said Sunday.

"The area has always been restricted for foreigners. This time, however,
India restricts the gathering of a large number of people in the area," Rajan
told AFP.

"Political gatherings have been restricted."

Nepalese sources claim India troops have been stationed at Kalapani, an
arid mountainous region 415 kilometres (259 miles) northwest of here, since
the Indo-China war in 1962.

On Friday, about 60 members of the left-wing All Nepal National Free
Students' Union (AANFSU) marched on Kalapani, claiming the territory belonged
to Nepal and urging the removal of Indian soldiers there.

The Indian embassy said in a statement that New Delhi had no soldiers in
the area, but added that India's claim to Kalapani was "acknowledged by
successive British, Indian and Nepali governments."

"There is no Indian army at the border but there is only an Indo-Tibetan
Border Police post in the area," the statement said.

"However, India has now agreed to remove the Indian troops positioned (at
the border post) if it is proved that the land belongs to Nepal."

"Two meetings of the Joint Working Group on the boundary comprising of
experts working on historical facts has already taken place," it said.

Kalapani is on the juncture of Nepal's borders with Tibet and India.

The English daily The Kathmandu Post has reported that maps drawn by
British India in 1837, 1854 and 1905 "clearly shows that Kalapani lies inside
Nepal since the area is situated east of the Mahakali river, which lies at the
far western border of Nepal."

"Since then Indo-Nepal joint map has not been drawn," it said.

Punya Prasad Oli, a former director general of the department of land and
survey, also said maps prepared by India prove Kalapani belongs to Nepal.

The general secretary of the Nepal Communist Party-Marxist and Leninist Bam
Dev Gautam said his party was prepared to launch an "armed struggle" if
necessary to drive out the Indian troops, while the main opposition Nepal
Communist Party-United Marxist and Leninist described India's claim as "a
serious matter."

Kalapani belongs to Nepali territory by Technical Land Survery of Nepal and India.


Date Jan. 7th 03:37 PM  

Nepal, India clash over Indian-built barrage:

News from Asian Economic News.

Just five days before Nepalese Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala embarks on a visit to India, the two neighbors have clashed over a barrage and dam recently built by India on its side of the border.

Nepal says India built the 13.6-kilometer Laxmanpur Barrage, without consulting Nepal, only 4.25 kilometers from the Nepal-India border.

The dam has caused inundation in Nepalese territory and thousands of people from 33 villages have had to be evacuated, the Nepalese side said.

A Nepalese parliamentary committee has said the construction of the dam and barrage on the Rapti River is a violation of the international law.

But the Indian Embassy in Kathmandu said the barrage is 8 km from the border, the requirement according to international practice.

But Nepalese Foreign Minister Chakra Prasad Bastola told the official RSS news agency Wednesday the Indian dam has in fact inundated Nepalese territory and India's version that Nepal remained unaffected was not acceptable.


Date Jan. 7th 03:38 PM  

Nepalis returning from India being drugged, robbed by Indians:

Bhairahawa: Incidents of looting by drugging Nepali citizens returning home from their work in India have been increasing along the road from Gorakhpur to Sunauli.

Eight such Nepalese have so far been looted while returning from various parts of India in the second week of Asar.

The looting gang comes near the victims and pretends to be also returning home from India and offer biscuits, tea and other poisoned food after the bus travel begins from Gorakhpur, the victims said.

Although the leaders of the gang are Indians, most of the looters are Nepalese.

Merely a week after Mahendra Bahadur Samaimagar was looted along the Gorakhpur-Sunauli route while returning from Benares, Rudra Gautam and his son Tara Gautam of Devdaha VDC ward No. 9 Rupandehi were also looted.

Rudra Gautam, 43, and Tara Gautam, 17, who were returning from Hyderabad were robbed of Rs. 80,000 after being drugged.

The Gautam father and son were returning from Durga Factory and were looted at Sunauli bus park by two Nepali youths Saturday morning.

The two youths came near for a chat after boarding the bus. The Gautams also spoke to them. But when they arrived at Sunauli, they were offered biscuits while coming out of the bus.

?Immediately after eating the biscuits, I became senseless and found myself inside a Bhairahawa Hospital Bed?, said Gautam.

Nepalese police found them lying unconscious at the border area of Belahiya and admitted them to the Bhairahawa Bhim Hospital for treatment.

"My earnings of three years have been lost", he said. "Although I received only Rs. 1800 a month, I had saved some money by spending only Rs. 600 for fooding and some more made from ?Dhikuri? for three years.

Last week, Mahendra Bahadur Samaimagar lost Rs. 40,000. In the month of Jesth, ten people were looted and admitted for treatment, Bhim Hospital sources disclosed.

Forty four people returning from India have been admitted within a period of 2/3 years. Some who refused drugged food stuffs were forced to sniff poisonous scents the hospital said.

The drugs used to knock them out are very powerful, the doctors say.

The looters are based in Gorakhpur and seem to be operated by the Indian police by taking commission, a source at the Rupandehi District Police Office said quoting the Indian police. High level efforts with the Indian police have been started to end such crimes.

News from The Rising Nepal.

source: www.nepalnews.com.np


Date Jan. 7th 03:44 PM  

" Legitimacy of Lipulekh Pass - broder of Nepal, India, China"

By Buddhi Narayan Shrestha

There was a series of Agreement/MOU/Memoranda/Protocol during the recent visit of Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao to India. ‘Protocol on modalities for the implementation of confidence building measures in the military field along the line of actual control in the India-China border areas’ is one of them. In one of the sub-sections of the protocol, it is said ‘both sides agree in principle to expand the mechanism of border meeting points to include Kibithu-Damai in the eastern sector and Lipulekh Pass/Qiang La in the middle sector. The precise locations of these border meeting points will be decided through mutual consultations.’

The main intention of joint meeting is to minimize tensions between the two militaries and increase interactions between them, since border military personnel of the two sides may not happen to be in a face-to-face situation due to differences on the alignment of the line of actual control (LAC) in the border areas.

In the Nepalese perspective, there could be a question whether India and China need to obtain Nepal’s consent to hold meetings between their military forces at Lipulekh Pass ?

read more......


Date Jan. 7th 03:45 PM  

Nepali Governemnt’s dual character on Kalapani Nepal border:

The present government has not shown much interest to remove the Indian soldiers from Kalapani. Though, PM Krishna Prasad Bhattarai a few days back said Kalapani belongs to Nepal and the government is committed to remove the Indian soldiers from there, but the PM’s statement that he had never known that Kalapani was in Nepal before he became prime minister, shows he sensitive the government is on the territorial integrity of the country.

There are historical proof that whenever there is Nepali Congress government in Nepal, Indian encroachment increases and Nepal has to lose at least something. Intellectuals have even begun to say that expecting the NC government to do anything in favour of Nepal in the Nepal-India issues is to forget the history completely. They have also said PM’s statement on Kalapani is only a ploy to attract popular sentiment towards the NC government. The government has not started any diplomatic initiative to resolve the Kalapani issue.

On the other hand, there are news of the Indian tradesmen and tourists going to Mansarovar in Tibet through Kalapani. The government here has not been able to say a word against India and China who are linking up for trade and tourism through Nepal without getting the permission of Nepal.

Bhattarai’s statement that he is an Indian supporter immediately after his appointment as PM, and now he being a mute spectator to the Indian encroachment on Nepali territory indicate serious threat to Nepal.

(Jan Bhawana, July 26, Monday)

source: www.nepalnews.com


Date Jan. 7th 03:51 PM  

To solve and control Nepali border with India:

(1) Nepali Survey and Land Engineering team as well as ministry of land must to detail land survey, create detail Map of Nepal, study and research Nepal and India treaty as well as international law.

(2) Nepal must do treaty with India to secure our land. Treaty must create certain border crossing zones; check point, barware borders, No man land zone, patrolling and controlling border crimes and handling or prosecuting rule of crimes.

(3) Nepal and India must implement Visa system to control access all kind of crimes like smuggling, girl trafficking, black-marketing, human trafficking, drug trafficking, murdering, theft, looting and bandits.

(4) Nepal and India keep border empty zone (no man land) and remove or evacuate illegal settlements from that zone.

(5) Nepal and India build barware un-secure places in border.

(6) Nepal must establish border security arm force for 24 hour 7 day border patrolling.

(7) Nepal must give informal education to aware villagers or border town people and establish volunteers public group as an informer party to Nepali police, army and government if any problem in border. So Nepali police, army and government will take action immediately without any destruction and fight.

(8) Border watch and investigation force must be establish and implement to control border crimes and activities. We can not depend on poor and corrupt police force, army and Nepali government.

(9) Nepali Newspapers and Media must be aware of Nepali borders and study, research about it. Media must create TV documentary and broadcast News. So whole nation will be aware with problem of borders of Nepal. 95% Nepali population do not know anything about Nepal? India borders problem and issues and whoever knows does not care because lack of well awareness of consequences or they corrupt.

(10) Nepal and India must implement one day - daily visa issues and tracking systems to control crimes smuggling, trafficking, black-marketing etc. Open border systems are creating Safe heaven to Indian high rated criminals and corrupted people.

What do you think people?


Date Jan. 17th 01:43 PM  

Watch a documnetry "The greater Nepal" and it tells How India is invading Nepal borders?

contact site:


this documentry show is running in UK, USA, Australia, Canada and Germany..... Whereever Nepalese population live

at UK www.nepalisamajuk.com

at Cyber website:



Date Jan. 17th 01:55 PM  

The concept of this documentry film is more than great.

However.... Whenever we made film ...we must careful with quality of view, sound, reporting, details, clear steps and story.

This documentry must show around the world wherever Nepalese population live..

1,30,000 Nepalese live in USA.
50,000 Nepalese live in Canada.
2,00,000 in UK.
1,90,000 in Australia.

orgainzer or producer need to contact Nepalese community and association around the world.

  « Back 1 2 Next»  

Post a reply

Spacer Spacer



Interested in journalism??

If you are interested in journalism and would like to post your articles and news in this website then plz join us. You can mail me with your details at [email protected].

As a journalist you can post news and articles in our website which will be published automatically in the news box section.


    Special thanks

There are some people who need Special thanks from this webiste. I want to take some names here:

Dipen subba: Thanks for sending us suggestions and comments.

Arpana limbu: Thanks for being a good friend.

Trija limbu: Thanks for being a good friend and also  for your inspiring words.

Binaya subba: Thanks bro, you were the first member of this webiste.

You: Ofcourse You all who visited this website. Thanks for your participation in our blog and forums.


Special thanks from

Yalamber subba



मह्त्वपूर्ण References

आफ्नो साथीलाई यो वेबसाईटको बारे मा भन्नुहोस्
हामीलाई संपर्क गर्नुहोस्
हामीलाई बूक्मर्क गर्नुहोस्
Privacy policy & terms of use
Spacer Spacer